Evolution of NCSW
The NCSW was the logical outcome of the determined struggle waged by women activists over many years. Four contemporary commissions preceded the establishment of NCSW;
- In 1955, the commission on Marriage and family laws was setup to examine laws governing marriage, divorce & other related matter. (Headed by Justice Abdur Rasheed)
- In 1975, a high powered Pakistan Women’s Rights Committee was formed that suggested comprehensive changes affecting women besides proposing several administrative measures. (Chaired by Attorney General Yahya Bakhtyar)
- In 1983, the Pakistan Commission on Status of Women was established to ascertain the rights & responsibilities of women in an Islamic society. However, its report was suppressed until 1989. (Chaired by Muhtarma Zari Sarfaraz)
- In 1987, the commission of inquiry was set up to review all laws from women’s rights perspective and give recommendations for changes/new legislation. (Headed by Justice Nasir Aslam Zahid)
- In 2000, the permanent National commission on Status of Women was established through a Presidential Ordinance.
- From 2000-2012 four commissions completed their terms. Dr. Shaheen Sardar Ali, Justice (retd) Majida Rizvi, Ms Arifa Syeda, and Ms Anis Haroon were the first four chairpersons.
- In 2013, the new NCSW act, 2012 with financial and administrative autonomy was enacted. The fifth commission was formed under this act. (in January 2013)